Basil A. Pruitt Jr. is a world authority in burn surgery and a distinguished researcher in the science of improving the outcome of serious burn. His work, over the past 50 years, covered the entire spectrum of burn care and had a significant impact on the improvement of trauma care. He was born in New York in 1930, pursued undergraduate education at Harvard College and Harvard University, and obtained his MD from Tufts University. After completing his internship in Boston General Hospital and residency in Boston and Brooks General Hospitals, he became fellow of the American College of Surgeons in 1964 and served as an army surgeon for 35 years, including 27 years as leader of the Burn Center of the US Army Institute of Surgical Research in Southern Texas, developing it into one of the best burn centers in the world. In 1996, he joined the University of Texas and is currently Clinical Professor of Surgery at Texas University Medical Center in San Antonio; and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Maryland, Consultant at the NIH Surgery, Anesthesia and Trauma Study Section, and member of the American Board of Surgery.
Professor Pruitt organized and directed a multidisciplinary clinical and research program focused on burn care and trauma management, which resulted in improved resuscitation, ventilatory management, wound care and metabolic support regimens that – collectively – significantly increased survival, reduced complications, accelerated convalescence and improved functional recovery. He mentored a whole generation of burn center directors and surgeons from the US and overseas. He is a member of 38 professional societies and the president of several. He published 440 research papers, 13 books and monographs, more than 160 textbook chapters and around 220 conference abstracts.
In addition to King Faisal International Prize for Medicine, Professor Pruitt received numerous national and international awards for his achievements as a clinician, surgeon, teacher, and researcher, including: the Rosewell Park Medal, the Society of University Surgeons Lifetime Achievement Award, the American Surgical Medallion for Scientific Achievement, the American College of Critical Care Medicine Distinguished Investigator Award and the G. Whitaker International Burns Prize. He is president, past president or member of 40 surgical, medical and scientific societies, Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Trauma since 1995, member of the editorial boards of 13 other journals, and ad hoc reviewer for an additional 26 journals. He also served as a visiting professor, honorary lecturer and invited lecturer in more than 200 universities and medical centers worldwide.
Professor Basil Arthur Pruitt Jr, fas been awarded the prize, because he is an internationally renowned clinical leader in burn surgery and a distinguished researcher in the science of improving the outcome of serious burn injury. His work, over the past 50 years, has covered the entire spectrum of burn care and has had a significant impact on the improvement of trauma care.