Hasanein Mohammad Makhlouf was born in Cairo, Egypt, in 1890. As a child, he memorized the Holy Qur’an and learned basic principles of Islam from his father, who was then a prominent Islamic scholar. He joined Al-Azhar Institute at the age of 11, and pursued his higher studies at the School of Sharia in Cairo.
After graduation, Shaikh Makhlouf taught for two years in Al-Azhar then joined the Islamic legal system. He served as a judge in various parts of Egypt until he became Vice-Chairman of the Supreme Sharia Court, Director of Religious Seminaries and a member of Al-Azhar Academy for Islamic Research in Egypt. He also served twice as the Mufti of Egypt and was a Founding Member of the World Muslim League, and a Member of the Council of the Islamic University in al-Medinat al-Munawwarah (Saudi Arabia).
Shaikh Makhlouf was a renowned Muslim scholar. His distinguished contributions to Islamic studies, which spanned several decades, included the authorship of many important and widely circulated texts, including Kalimat al-Qur’an, Safwat al-Bayan, Al-Fatawi and Kitab al-Muareeth. He traveled extensively in the Islamic world preaching Islamic teachings and values, and helping in the establishment of Islamic educational and social institutions. In addition to the King Faisal International Prize for Service to Islam, he received several national accolades, including the Egyptian State Prize in Social Sciences and the National Medal of Arts and Sciences (First Order).
Shaikh Makhlouf died in 1990, at the age of 100.